In conspiracy theory, the term New World Order or NWO refers to the emergence of a bureaucratic collectivist world government.
The common theme in conspiracy theories about a new world order is that of a powerful elite and secretive globalist agenda with conspiring to eventually rule the world through a global totalitarian government that would replace nation-states sovereign and put an end to international power struggles. Important events in politics and finance are speculated to be orchestrated by a cabal of influential operating through numerous front organizations. Many historical and current events are seen as steps in an ongoing conspiracy to achieve world domination through political rallies and secret decision-making.
Before the early 1990s, New World Order conspiracy theories has been limited to two cons-American cultures, primarily the right anti-government activist, fundamentalist Christians and secondarily interested in the emergence of the late time of the Antichrist. The skeptics, including Michael Barkun and Chip Berlet, expressed concern that the conspiracy theories of the far right of a New World Order have not only been embraced by many conspiracy theorists on the left, but have infiltrated the popular culture, ushering in a period of unparalleled people are actively preparing for the millennial apocalyptic United States in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. These political scientists warn that mass hysteria can only fuel terrorism lone wolf, but have devastating effects on American politics, as the extreme right courting the far left to join a revolutionary movement, Third Position able to overturn the established political powers.
In the 20th century, many state, as Woodrow Wilson and Winston Churchill used the term “new world order” to denote a new period of history evidencing a dramatic change in the thinking of politics and the balance of power after the First World War and Second World War. They have all seen these periods as opportunities to implement proposals idealistic or liberal global governance in the new sense of collective efforts to identify, understand, or solve worldwide problems that go beyond the capacity of nation states to resolve. These proposals have led to the creation of international organizations, such as the United Nations and NATO, and international regimes, such as Bretton Woods and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, which were calculated both to maintain a balance of power and regulate cooperation among nations to achieve a peaceful phase of capitalism. These creations in particular, and of internationalism, in general, however, will always be criticized and opposed by the American right based on isolationism Old and the New Right for benevolent imperialist reasons.
Following the two world wars, liberals have welcomed these new organizations and international regimes, but argued they have suffered a democratic deficit and therefore have not only been insufficient to prevent another world war, but also promote global justice. Thus, activists around the world form a penchant World Federalist Movement on the creation of a “real” new world order. In the 1940s, the British writer HG Wells and futuristic would go further by appropriating and redefining the term “new world order” as synonymous with the creation of a scientifically managed state of the world and socialist economy.
During the Red Scare of 1947-1957, the conspiracy theorists on the American right secular and Christian increasingly adopted mongered and unfounded fears of Freemasons, the Illuminati and the Jews to be the driving force behind an “international communist conspiracy.” The threat of world communism as an atheist state and bureaucratic collectivist world government, demonized as a “Red Menace”, therefore became the main objective of millenarian apocalyptic conspiracy theories.
In the 1960s, the populist right individuals and groups with a worldview producerist, as members of the John Birch Society, played a lot of conspiracy theories claiming that the governments of both the United States and the Soviet Union were controlled by a cabal of internationalists business, greedy bankers and corrupt politicians intent on using the United Nations as a means to create “One World Government.” These unfounded fears of fuel would campaign for the withdrawal of U.S. Bircher UN. American writer Mary M. Davison, in his pamphlet The profound revolution in 1966, traced the alleged New World Order conspiracy to the creation of the Federal Reserve in 1913 by international bankers, who she later asked, formed the Council on Foreign Relations in 1921 the shadow government. When the brochure was published, “international bankers” have been interpreted by many readers as a reference to an alleged “international Jewish conspiracy banking” orchestrated by the Rothschild.
Affirming that the term “New World Order” is used by a secret elite dedicated to the destruction of all national sovereignties, American writer producerist Gary Allen in his 1971 book No Dare Call It Conspiracy, 1974 Rockefeller book: The Campaign for the New Global Order Book and 1987 Say “No!” New World Order, hinged on the theme of many anti-globalist conspiracy theories right now the United States. Thus, after the fall of communism in the 1990s, the main scapegoat demonized the extreme American right seamlessly changed from crypto-communist who conspired on behalf of the Red Menace to globalists who plot on behalf of New World Order. The relatively painless evolution is due to growing opposition from right to the globalization of capitalism, but also partly the basis underlying paradigm millennial apocalypse, which fueled the Cold War and witch hunts of the McCarthy period.
In its September 11, 1990 Towards a New World Order speech to a joint session of Congress, President George HW Bush described his goals for governance post-Cold War world in cooperation with the post-Soviet states:
Until now, the world we’ve known has been a world divided—a world of barbed wire and concrete block, conflict and cold war. Now, we can see a new world coming into view. A world in which there is the very real prospect of a new world order. In the words of Winston Churchill, a “world order” in which “the principles of justice and fair play … protect the weak against the strong …” A world where the United Nations, freed from cold war stalemate, is poised to fulfill the historic vision of its founders. A world in which freedom and respect for human rights find a home among all nations.
The New York Times noted that progressive new world order called the rationalization of American imperial ambitions in the Middle East, while the Conservatives dismissed new security altogether and fulminated any possibility of revival of UN. However, Chip Berlet, an American journalist specializing in investigative study of extreme right movements in the United States, wrote:
When President Bush announced his new foreign policy would help build a New World Order, his phrasing surged through the Christian and secular hard right like an electric shock, since the phrase had been used to represent the dreaded collectivist One World Government for decades. Some Christians saw Bush as signaling the End Times betrayal by a world leader. Secular anticommunists saw a bold attempt to smash US sovereignty and impose a tyrannical collectivist system run by the United Nations.
American televangelist Pat Robertson in 1991 with his bestselling book The New World Order has become the most important popularizer of Christian conspiracy theories in recent American history as a scene in which Wall Street, the Federal Reserve, Council on Foreign Relations, Bilderberg Group, Trilateral Commission control the flow of events behind the scenes, we are constantly pushing and quietly in the direction of a world government for the Antichrist.
Observers note that the galvanization of the populist right conspiracy theorists as Linda Thompson, Mark and Robert K. Koernke Spear in activism led to the rise of the militias, which spread its ideology through anti-government speeches at rallies and meetings, through books and videotapes sold at gun shows, by waves short and satellite radio, and through networks of fax and message boards. However, viral propaganda on the Internet is the most effective contribution to their political extremists on the New World Order finding their way into the literature on the extreme left of some black nationalists, but also literature previously apolitical assassinologists many UFO Kennedy The loss of land theorists and, more recently, occultists. The worldwide appeal of these subcultures then passed the New World Order conspiracy theories like a virus “spirit” to a broad audience of new researchers counterknowledge from mid-1990.
In Europe, national-anarchism, an ideology of extreme right articulated by the British post-third activist Troy Southgate, called for an insurrection against, and the secession of the imagination “Zionist, capitalist New World Order” . National-Anarchists see a convergence in the near future between the left and decentralizing decentralization law to fight against the rise of centralized political and economic New World Order.
After the turn of the century, especially during the financial crisis of 2007-2010, many politicians and experts, like Gordon Brown and Henry Kissinger used the term “new world order” in their advocacy for reform of ‘Keynesian global financial system and their calls for a “new Bretton Woods”, which takes into account the emerging markets like China and India. These declarations had the unintended consequence of providing fresh fodder for New World Order conspiracy theories, and culminated in the former Clinton administration adviser Dick Morris and Sean Hannity conservative talk show claiming his Fox News Channel program Hannity that “conspiracy theorists were right.” Fox News in general, and opinion polls show Glenn Beck, in particular, have been repeatedly criticized by the progressive media watchdog groups not only to integrate the theories of New World Order conspiracy of the radical right, but perhaps shaking his lone wolves in action.
In 2009, U.S. Director Luke Meyer and Andrew Neel published New World Order, a documentary film by acclaimed critic who explores the world of conspiracy theorists, as U.S. radio host Alex Jones, who are committed to exposing and opposing strongly to what they perceive to be the emergence of a New World Order.