Jul 082010
 

The chemtrail conspiracy theory holds that some contrails are actually chemical or biological agents deliberately sprayed at high altitude in a non-disclosed to the public. Versions of the chemtrail conspiracy theory circulating on the Internet and talk radio shows theorize that the activity is directed by government officials. Consequently, federal agencies have received thousands of complaints from people who have asked for an explanation. The existence of chemtrails has been repeatedly denied by government agencies and scientists around the world.

The United States Air Force said that the theory is a hoax “was discussed and refuted by many established and accredited universities, scientific organizations, and major media publications. The UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs said that chemtrails “are not scientifically accepted phenomena. The Canadian Government Leader in the House of Commons said that “The term chemtrails” is a term popularized, and there is no scientific evidence to support their existence. ”

Chemtrails term is derived from “chemical trail” in the same way that drag is an abbreviation of condensation trail. It does not refer to common forms of aerial spraying of crops such as dusting, cloud seeding or aerial control cons. The term specifically refers to aerial trails that have been caused by the systematic high altitude of chemicals does not appear in ordinary contrails, resulting in the emergence of so-called unusual sky tracks. Believers of this theory assumes that the purpose of the chemical release may be global dimming, population control, weather control, or biological warfare and calls for these tracks are the cause of respiratory diseases and other health problems.

Overview
The Chemtrail conspiracy theory began circulating in 1996 when the United States Air Force (USAF) has been accused of “projection of the population of the United States with mysterious substances” from the plane “models generate unusual drag” . The Air Force maintains that these accusations were a hoax fueled in part by quoting a strategy document prepared in the Air Force Air University entitled Weather as a Force Multiplier: Owning the Weather in 2025. The document was submitted in response to a military directive to outline a strategic future weather modification system in order to maintain U.S. military dominance in the year 2025, and identified as “fictional representations of future situations and scenarios” . The Air Force said the paper does not reflect the current policy of military practice, the “ability or, and that it” is not required of all time modification experiments or programs and n ‘ has no intention of doing so in the future. “Additionally, the Air Force says the hoax” chemtrails “was discussed and refuted by many established and accredited universities, scientific organizations and major media publications “.

In Britain, where the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs has asked “what research his Department has undertaken on the polluting effects of chemtrails for aircraft”, the answer was that “the department is not researching the chemtrail planes as they are not scientifically recognized phenomena, but that work was ongoing to understand how streaks can influence climate today and anticipate the future impacts that may result from the increased air traffic.

In response to a petition filed by concerned Canadian citizens regarding “the chemicals used in aerial spraying affect the health of Canadians, the Government House Leader responded by stating that” There is no substantiated evidence , scientific or otherwise, to support the allegation that it is high altitude spraying conducted in Canadian airspace. chemtrails The term “is a term popularized, and there is no scientific evidence to support their existence. “The House leader goes on to say that” it is our belief that the petitioners are to see the contrails of aircraft regular or streaks.

Different versions of the chemtrail conspiracy theory circulated through Internet sites and radio programs. In some accounts, the chemicals are described as barium and aluminum salts, polymer fibers, thorium or silicon carbide. In other accounts, it is alleged that the sky is stocked with materials that conduct electricity through an extensive program of electromagnetic super weapons around the High Frequency Active Aurora Research Program (HAARP). Those who believe in conspiracy chemtrails say are toxic, but the reasons cited by those who believe in the conspiracy are highly variable, ranging from the testing of military weapons, chemical population control, mitigation of global warming. Scientists and federal agencies have always denied that chemtrails exist, focusing on the slopes of heaven are simply persistent contrails. As the theory of propagation chemtrail conspiracy, federal officials have been inundated with calls and letters from angry. A multi-agency response to dispel rumors was published in 2000 as a sheet by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA believers), a step chemtrail many have interpreted as further evidence of the existence of a government cover-up.

Proponents of the theory that chemtrails chemtrail can be distinguished by their long trails of life, saying that chemtrails are those who persist skytrack provided a half day or transform into cirrus-like. However, some trails are visible for several hours after the event trails, a publication of the USAF. Air Force officials say that the long trails from certain weather conditions, and duration and rate of dissipation can be accurately predicted when the humidity level and temperature are known.

Chemtrails vs. Contrails
According to a piece United States Air Force is drag, drag or condensation trails are “streaks of condensed water vapor in the air created by an airplane or rocket at high altitude.” These tracks are the result of condensation of normal emissions of water vapor from piston engines and jet engines at high altitude where water vapor condenses into a visible cloud. Contrails form when hot humid air from the burn engines, and are cooled by air cooler. (The blend is the result of turbulence generated by the engine jet exhaust). The speed at which contrails dissipate is entirely dependent on weather and altitude. If the atmosphere is near saturation, the trail may exist for some time. Conversely, if the atmosphere is dry, the trail dissipates quickly.

Chemtrails, from “chemical trails” in the same way that contrails just “vapor trail” is a term coined to suggest that contrails are formed by something other than a natural process of exhaust knocking cold air in the atmosphere. conspiricists Chemtrail characterize the chemical trails that streams that persist for hours, and their interplay, grid-like models, or parallel bands which eventually merge to form large clouds. Supporters consider the presence of visible color spectra in streams, unusual concentrations of sky tracks in a single space, or trails left by aircraft or persistent unmarked military flight altitudes or atypical sites as markers of chemtrails .

Government agencies and experts on atmospheric phenomena to deny the existence of chemtrails, claiming that the characteristics attributed to them are simply characteristics of trails in different ways under different conditions in terms of sunlight, temperature, wind shear horizontal and vertical, and the moisture present in the aircraft altitude. The experts explain what appears like motifs such as grids formed by contrails resulting from increases in air traffic traveling through the grid as the U.S. national airspace system north-south and east-west flight paths oriented, and it is difficult for observers to judge the differences in altitudes between these streaks on the ground. The fact sheet issued jointly produced by NASA, EPA, FAA, and NOAA in 2000 in response to alarms about chemtrails details of the science of the formation of contrails, and describes both known and potential impacts have streaks on the temperature and climate. The USAF has produced an information sheet describes these phenomena as well as streaks observed and analyzed since at least 1953. He also refuted the theories more directly by identifying chemtrail theory as a hoax and denying the existence of chemtrails.

Patrick Minnis, an atmospheric scientist with the Center for NASA Langley Research in Hampton, Virginia, is quoted in USA Today saying that logic is not exactly a selling point for proponents of most chemtrails “If you try to pin these people down and refute things, it:” Well, you’re just a part of the conspiracy, “he said [2].

In 2001, the U.S. Congress Dennis Kucinich has introduced legislation that would permanently prohibited the basing of weapons in space, and cited as one of chemtrails a number of exotic weapons that would prohibited. [25 promoters] have claimed that because of explicit reference to Chemtrails was made by Congressman Kucinich in the Congressional Record, which is the government’s official recognition of their existence. The bill received a negative evaluation of the Department of Defense and died in committee, not to mention chemtrails appear in the text of one of the following three unsuccessful attempts by Kucinich to enact a law on the protection space.

X-Pattern Contrail

X-Pattern Contrail

Apr 182010
 

The U.S. government funded and conducted numerous psychological experiments, especially during the Cold War. Many of these experiments were conducted to help develop more effective torture and interrogation techniques the U.S. military and intelligence agencies, and develop techniques to resist torture at the hands of the enemy nations and organizations.

In studies from 1947 to 1953, which was known as Project Chatter, the U.S. Navy has begun to identify and test the truth serums, which they hoped could be used during interrogations of Soviet spies. Some of the chemicals tested in human subjects included mescaline and central nervous system depressant scopolamine.

Shortly after, in 1950, the CIA launched Project Bluebird, later renamed Project Artichoke, whose stated purpose was to develop “the means of controlling individuals through special interrogation techniques”, “as to prevent unauthorized extraction of information from CIA agents, “and” offensive uses of unconventional techniques, such as hypnosis and drugs. “The project has been outlined in a memorandum dated January 1952 stated: “Can we take control of a person to the point where it will make our bidding against his will and even against fundamental laws of nature, such as self-preservation?” The project studied the use of hypnosis, forced morphine dependence and withdrawal forced, and the use of other chemicals, among other methods, to produce amnesia and other vulnerable states in subjects. In order to “perfect technology for the production of information from individuals, whether willing or not,” the researchers project Bluebird experienced a variety of psychoactive substances, including LSD, heroin, marijuana, cocaine, PCP, mescaline, and ether. Bluebird Project researchers determined on military personnel of the United States 7000 with LSD without their knowledge or consent, Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland. More than 1,000 of those soldiers suffering from several psychiatric disorders, including depression and epilepsy, as a result of the tests. Many of them tried to commit suicide.

In 1952, tennis player Harold Blauer died when injected with a lethal dose of mescaline, a derivative of the New York State Psychiatric Institute at Columbia University by Dr. James Cattell. The U.S. Department of Defense, who sponsored the injection, worked in collusion with the Department of Justice and the New York State Attorney General to conceal evidence of his involvement in 23 years. Cattell said he did not know what the army had given him to inject into Blauer, saying: “We do not know if it was dog piss or what we gave him.”

In 1953, the CIA has placed several of his interrogation and control programs of the mind in the direction of a single program, known by the codename MKULTRA, CIA Director Allen Dulles complained after not not have enough “human Guinea pigs to try these amazing techniques. MKULTRA project was under the direct command of Dr. Sidney Gottlieb of the Technical Services Division. The project has received over 25 million dollars and involving hundreds of experiments on human subjects to eighty different institutions.

In a note describing the purpose of a program sub-program MKULTRA, Richard Helms, said:
We intend to investigate the development of a chemical that causes a reversible, non-toxic aberrant mental state, the specific nature of what can be reasonably well predicted for each individual. This material could help discredit individuals, obtain information, and implementation suggestions and other forms of mind control.
—Richard Helms, CIA internal memo

In 1954, the CIA QKHILLTOP project was created to study Chinese brainwashing techniques and to develop effective methods of interrogation. Most initial studies were carried out by Cornell University Medical School Human Ecology Studies Program, under the direction of Dr Harold Wolff. Wolff asked the CIA to provide any information they could find in regard to “threats, coercion, imprisonment, deprivation, humiliation, torture,” brainwashing, “” black psychiatry , and hypnosis, or any combination thereof, with or without chemical agents. According to Wolff, the research team would be:

… Assemble, collect, analyze and assimilate this information and will then experimental studies aimed at developing new techniques for the offensive / defensive use of intelligence … Potentially useful drugs secrets (and brain damaging various procedures) will also be tested to verify the basic effect on human brain function and mood of the subject … When one of the studies relate to damages of the object, we expect the agency to provide suitable subjects and a place for achieving the necessary experiments.
—Dr. Harold Wolff, Cornell University Medical School

Another sub-project MKULTRA, Operation Midnight Climax, consisted of a network of shelters for the CIA in San Francisco, Marin, and New York have been set up to study the effects of LSD on non-consenting individuals. Prostitutes on the CIA payroll have been responsible for attracting clients to shelters, where they have been surreptitiously plied with a wide range of substances, including LSD, and followed behind a glass-sided. Several important operational techniques have been developed in this drama, including extensive research on sexual blackmail, surveillance technology, and the ability to use mind-altering drugs field operations.

In 1957, with funding from a front organization for the CIA, Dr. Ewan Cameron Allen Memorial Hospital in Montreal, Canada began to MKULTRA subproject 68. His experiments were designed primarily “depattern” individuals, erasing their minds and memories, reduce the mental level of a child, and then to “reconstruct” their personality in a manner of his choosing. To do this, Cameron placed patients under his “care” in drug-induced coma for up to 88 days, and completed many high-voltage electric shocks to them in weeks or months, often to administer 360 shocks per person. He would then perform what he called “psychic driving” experiments on subjects in which he played repeatedly recorded statements such as “You’re a good wife and mother, and people enjoy your company” top of speakers, it was established in blackened football helmets that related to the head of the test subjects (for sensory deprivation). Patients could do nothing but listen to these messages, played for 16 -20 hours a day for weeks at a time. In one case, Cameron compels someone to listen to a message non-stop for 101 days. With funding from the CIA, Cameron converted stables behind Allen Memorial develop in isolation and sensory deprivation chamber where he kept patients immobilized for several weeks in a row. Cameron also caused insulin coma in his subjects by giving them large injections of insulin twice daily for two months at a time. Many children Cameron experimented on were sexually abused, in one case at least by several men. A child has been filmed several times to perform sexual acts with officials federal government under a system set up by Cameron and others MKULTRA, blackmail public officials to secure additional financing for the experiments.

The leaders of the CIA had serious concerns about their behavior unethical and illegal, as evidenced in a 1957 report, Inspector General, who stated:

Care must be taken not only to protect operations from exposure to enemy forces, but also to conceal these activities from the American public in general. The knowledge that the organization engages in activities unethical and illegal would have serious repercussions in the political and diplomatic …
—CIA Inspector General Report -1957

In 1957, Dr. Robert Heath of Tulane University conducted experiments on patients with schizophrenia, who were funded by the U.S. military. In studies, he exposed to high levels of LSD, then implanted electrodes deep “in their brains to take measures EEG.

MKULTRA activities continued until 1973, when CIA Director Richard Helms, fearing they would be exposed to the public, ordered the project is completed and all files destroyed. Fortunately, a clerical error had sent numerous documents to the wrong office, so when workers destroyed the CIA files, some of them remained, and were released under a request from Freedom of Information Act by investigative journalist John Marks. Many people in the American public were outraged when they learned experiences, and several Congressional investigations were held, including the Church Committee and Rockefeller Commission.

In 1963, the CIA gave a summary of many results of his psychological research into what became known as the cons of manual-intelligence interrogation KUBARK., Who cited studies MKULTRA and other secret research programs the scientific basis of their interrogation methods Cameron regularly around the United States teaching military personnel about his techniques (somersaulting prisoners to sensory deprivation, prolonged isolation, humiliation, etc.) and how they could be used in interrogations. Latin American paramilitary groups working for the CIA and U.S. military training in these psychological techniques in places like the School of the Americas, and even today, most torture techniques developed in studies MKULTRA and other programs are used in the U.S. military and CIA prisons like Guantanamo Bay and Abu Ghraib. Following congressional hearings, major news media primarily focus on sensational stories of LSD, “” mind control and brainwashing, “and rarely used the word” torture. ” This has removed the image that the CIA researchers were, as one author put it “a bunch of clumsy buffoons science fiction,” rather than a group of wise men who ran the torture and medical experimentation labs in major U.S. universities, and who had tortured, raped, and psychologically young children, driving many of them permanently insane.

From 1964 to 1968, the U.S. military paid 386,486 dollars for professors Albert Kligman and Herbert W. Copelan to conduct experiments with mind-altering drugs on 320 inmates of Holmesburg Prison. The aim of the study was to determine the minimum effective dose of each drug needed to disable 50 percent of a given population. Kligman and Copelan initially said they were unaware of any long-term health effects of drugs could have on the prisoners, however, documents later revealed that this was not the case.

Tuskegee study

A subject of the Tuskegee syphilis experiment has his blood drawn, circa 1953

Apr 142010
 

From 1942 to 1944, the U.S. Chemical Warfare Service has conducted experiments that exposed thousands of American soldiers to mustard gas, to test the effectiveness of gas masks and protective clothing. They refused to pay disability benefits to victims of these experiments.

As part of its research to the atomic bomb, the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) sponsored experiments to test the health effects of putting fluoride in drinking water. Fluoride, which was a by-product of joint manufacturing atomic bomb and chemical manufacturing in general and has been widely used as rat poison, had experienced many adverse health effects at the time. The AEC was concerned about lawsuits filed by workers in their plants to assemble bombs, and residents living nearby who were exposed to large amounts of fluoride and have serious health problems, and in some cases to die as a result of exposure. The first trials of water fluoridation have been conducted on the citizens of Newburgh, New York and took place from 1944 to 1956 as part of an operation known as classified F “Program”. With the assistance of New York staff of the Department of Health, they are then collected blood samples and tissue from Newburgh citizens to test the effects. According to a 1948 issue of the Journal of the American Dental Association, the mention of adverse health effects of fluoride was censored by the CEA as a threat to “national security”.

From 1950 to 1953, the U.S. military sprayed toxic chemicals on 6 cities of the United States and Canada, to test the dispersal patterns of chemical weapons. Army records indicated that the chemicals were sprayed on the city of Winnipeg in Canada, including cadmium.

To test whether or not the sulfuric acid, which is used in the manufacture of molasses, was prejudicial as a food additive, the Louisiana State Board of Health has commissioned a study to feed “the black prisoners” anything other than molasses for five weeks.

A 1953 article in the medical / scientific journal Clinical Science describes a medical experiment in which researchers intentionally blisters on the skin on the belly of 41 children, aged 8 to 14, using dirt. The study was conducted to determine the severity of the substance irritates the skin hurts children. After studies, the child’s skin blisters was removed with scissors and stamped with peroxide.

In 1967, the Central Intelligence Agency injected an unknown chemical in the drinking water of the headquarters of the Food and Drug Administration to test their ability to poison drinking water with chemicals.
Chloracne resulting from exposure to dioxins, such as those Albert Kligman injected into prisoners at Holmesburg Prison

From about 1951 to 1974, the Holmesburg State Prison in Pennsylvania was the site of extensive dermatological research operations, using prisoners as subjects. Conducted by Dr. Albert Kligman M. University of Pennsylvania, studies have been conducted on behalf of Dow Chemical Company, U.S. Army, and Johnson & Johnson. In one study, for which Dow Chemical paid $ 10,000 Kligman, Kligman injected dioxins are highly toxic, carcinogenic component of Agent Orange, Dow was manufactured for use in Vietnam at the time, 70 prisoners ( most blacks). The prisoners developed severe lesions that went untreated for seven months. Dow Chemical has chosen to study the health effects of dioxin and other herbicides and how they affect human skin because workers in chemical plants have been developing chloracne. In the study, Kligman applied to nearly the amount of dioxin Dow employees have been exposed. In 1980 and 1981, some people who were used in this study continued Professor Kligman for a variety of health problems, including lupus and psychological damage.

Kligman continued his studies later, dioxin, higher doses of dioxin, he asked the skin 10 prisoners “to 7,500 micrograms of dioxin, which is 468 times the dose that the Dow official Gerald K. Rowe was authorized to administer. Accordingly, the prisoners developed inflammatory pustules and papules.

The program has also made hundreds of Holmesburg inmates a nominal allocation of testing a wide range of cosmetics and chemicals whose health effects are unknown at the time. Upon arrival at Holmesberg, Kligman is claimed to have said “All I saw before me were acres of skin … It was like a farmer seeing a fertile field for the first time.” It has been reported in a 1964 issue of Medical News that 9 of 10 prisoners at Holmesburg Prison were subjects of medical tests.

In 1967, the U.S. military paid Kligman to apply skin blistering chemicals on the face and back of Holmesburg inmates’, ie Kligman, “to learn the skin protects itself against chronic assault of products toxic chemicals, the process of curing itself. ”

exposure to dioxins

Chloracne resulting from exposure to dioxins, such as those that Albert Kligman injected into prisoners at the Holmesburg Prison