Project SHAD was a test run time of the Cold War by the U.S. Department of Defense biological and chemical weapons. The exposure of uninformed and unwilling during practice for the test substances, including exposure to U.S. and military personnel in service, has added controversy to recent revelations of the project.
Project SHAD was part of a broader effort by the Ministry of Defense called Project 112. The project began in 1962 during the administration of John F. Kennedy, and it is widely believed that neither Kennedy nor subsequent presidents knew or SHAD Project 112. However, Robert McNamara, Kennedy’s secretary of defense, knows and has approved those tests. There is also some evidence that shows local governments have participated in these tests, but we do not know exactly how they helped with Project SHAD.
The official statement on the purpose of the project SHAD was “… identify warships U.S. vulnerabilities to attacks with chemical or biological agents and develop procedures to respond to such attacks while maintaining an ability to fight. “134 tests were planned initially, but Only 46 trials were actually completed. In these tests, chemical and biological agents have been introduced for military personnel, who were ignoring the time they were involved in such an experience. Nerve agents and products chemicals include, without limitation, the nerve gas VX gas, tabun, sarin, soman, and chemical markers of zinc sulfide, cadmium sulfide, and QNB. Biologicals, Bacillus globigii note, Coxiella burnetii (which causes Q fever) and Francisella tularensis (which causes tularemia or “rabbit fever”).
Revelations on draft Shad were first exposed by independent producer and investigative journalist Eric Longabardi Telemedia News Productions, now based in Los Angeles, CA. survey of 6 years in the program Longabardi secrets begin in early 1994. It eventually led to a series of investigative reports produced by him, which were broadcast on the CBS Evening News in May 2000. Following the release of these exclusive reports, the Pentagon and the Veterans Administration have opened their own investigations in the program long classified. In 2002, the Congressional hearings on the project SHAD, in both the Senate and the House, also paid the media attention on the program still classified. In 2002, pursuing a class action was filed on behalf of the Federal Navy sailors exposed the United States during the tests. Additional measures, including a multi-year medical students was conducted by the National Academy of Sciences / Institute of Medicine to assess damages caused to the health of thousands of U.S. Navy sailors involuntary, civilians, and other who were exposed during secret trials. The results of this study were finally released in May 2007.
28 records have been released, focusing on the Deseret Test Center at Dugway, Utah, which was built entirely for Project Shad and was closed after the project was completed in 1973.
The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) has undergone great scrutiny, as those who participated in Project 112 and SHAD were not aware of all ongoing trials. Every effort has been made to ensure the informed consent of military personnel. Until 1998, the Department of Defense has officially stated that no project SHAD. Because the Defense Department has refused to recognize the program, the surviving test subjects were unable to obtain disability benefits for health problems related to the project. U.S. Representative Mike Thompson says the program and DoD’s efforts to hide it, “They said – they said, but do not worry about simulators, we only used. And my first thought was, well you lied these guys for 40 years, you lied to me for a couple of years. It would be a leap of faith for me to believe that you are now telling me the truth. “
The Department of Veterans Affairs has undertaken a three-year study comparing experienced veterans affected by the SHAD veterans of similar age who have not participated in any manner or shad Project 112. The cost of approximately U.S. $ 3 million study, and results are being prepared for the next version.